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NickRobheart Offline
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The Mega Power Systems Thread [lost]
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This thread was originally posted by Pop and was lost again due to Edulix hassle. Reposting the thread with the acknowledgment from Pop, earlier.

(Courtesy ----> Tummaluru)

Energy and Electric Power

Adapting to Deregulation

When it comes to working in the electric power industry, whose end product is electrical energy itself, it is time to rethink. With the deregulation of the power industry, there are going to be fewer jobs with large utilities and more jobs in other power technology areas. Engineers will continue to be needed in power electronics, such as power quality and end-use applications.

Engineers with strong backgrounds in computing and communications will find opportunities in areas such as distribution automation, monitoring and diagnostics, and intelligent protection and control. Looking forward, there are emerging technologies such as renewable energy (hydro, wind, solar), the environmental impact of power generation and distribution, superconductive equipment, and electric vehicle research and development. There will be
more jobs in the newer, smaller utilities that will surely be created in response to deregulation.
If you think that you might be interested in working for a large, established power utility, the big U.S. firms include Pacific Gas and Electric, Southern Co., Southern California Edison, Unicom Corp., Energy Group, Public Service Enterprise Group, American Electric Power, Texas
Utilities, and Florida Power and Light.ABB (Asea Brown Boveri) is the world's largest engineering service conglomerate, heavily involved in energy, with more than 2000 profit centers.

(Courtesy ----> Tummaluru)

A Strategic Industry

There have always been other employers of electrical engineers in the power industry: the U.S. Department of Energy, the military, the national labs, companies that manufacture power equipment, private consulting firms (architect-engineers and reliability engineers), and other industries that generate their own power (for example, the petrochemical industry).

Students with advanced degrees such as an MS or PhD are well positioned to find employment with companies that focus on the development of new products and technologies.

Companies in this category include General Electric Corporate Research and Development, Sundstrand Aerospace, Reliance Electric, Rockwell Automation/Allen-Bradley, and General Motors. As companies continue to develop new products and technologies, the demand for students with advanced training will increase.

Salaries are relatively high in the power field, even though power engineering doesn't have the same allure as, say, computer engineering, at least in terms of initial salaries.

Power is a strategic industry and it will always have a need for engineers.

So, while industry recruiting is down in the United States, the large size of the industry has nevertheless produced a continued demand for well-trained power engineering specialists. Graduates with a traditional
technical depth of knowledge of power are still being sought by some segments of the industry; however, those with broader skills, such as expertise in computers or another specialty, are being hired by the utilities in response to the recent deregulation and its new marketplace
demands.

(Courtesy ---> Tummaluru)
Some of the facts about Power System & Opportunities in USA

U.S. Department of Energy declared that:
“Today, the power engineering education system in the United States is at a critical decision point. Without strong support for strategic research in power systems engineering and without qualified replacements for retiring faculty, the strength of our Nation’s university based power engineering programs will wane, and along with them, the foundation for innovation in the power sector to meet our energy challenges in the 21st century.”


Numbers We Cannot Ignore (United States)
􀂃 Workers are getting older
– By 2010, one in three U.S. workers will be age 50 or older
– Utility executives estimate ½ of the technical workforce will reach
retirement age in 5 – 10 years
– At 50+, utility craft workers have highest average age of any industry
􀂃 Demand is increasing
– In 2015, a 15% decline of ages 35 – 44; demand increases 25%
– 2010 demand for U.S. electrical engineers in construction will be up
from 150,000 today to 175,000
􀂃 Supply is decreasing
– Reduction in graduating engineers during the past 15 years
– Decrease in power engineering graduates


Based on a survey of U.S. electric utilities, the Center for Energy Workforce Development estimates that approximately 46% of all engineering jobs could become vacant by 2012, due to retirements by the aging workforce and other forms of attrition. Although this percentage may vary across industries, it suggests that the size of the wave is so large that it must be proactively addressed through collaborative initiatives.

(Courtesy ---> Tummaluru)

Introducing PSERC

The electric power industry is evolving from its historical business structure. Challenges for success in this demanding business environment are being raised by new market structures and ways of doing business, new technologies, the demands of customers for customized services, strategic choices between centralized and decentralized technologies, institutional changes creating mega-RTOs, a graying industry that needs well-trained power engineers, and new environmental priorities. Yet the basic function of the industry – to produce and to deliver power, safely and reliably – has not changed. The challenges call for new strategies, technologies, analytical capabilities and tools, and operating practices, along with sound public policy guidance.
The Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC) draws on university capabilities to creatively address these challenges. Its core purpose is to:

Empower Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System.

Under the banner of PSERC, multiple U.S. universities are working collaboratively toward:

• An efficient, secure, resilient, adaptable, and economic electric power infrastructure serving society
• A new generation of educated technical professionals in electric power
• Knowledgeable decision-makers on critical energy policy issues
• Sustained, quality university programs in electric power engineering.
PSERC provides:
• efficient access to experienced university researchers in an array of relevant disciplines and geographically located across the U.S.
• leading-edge research in cost-effective projects jointly developed by industry leaders and university experts
• high quality education of future power engineers.

The multidisciplinary expertise of PSERC’s researchers includes power systems, applied mathematics, complex systems, computing, control theory, power electronics, operations research, non-linear systems, economics, industrial organization and public policy. PSERC partners with private and public organizations that provide integrated energy services, transmission and distribution services, power system planning, control and oversight, market management services, and public policy development.
Additional information about PSERC and a calendar of PSERC activities can be found at its web site,http://www.pserc.org.

Education Program

The undergraduate and graduate power programs at PSERC’s collaborating universities produce engineers capable of making substantive contributions in today’s complex power industry. By taking innovative research findings to the classroom and involving students in our research, PSERC faculty introduce students to the cutting edge of power system technologies, analytical techniques and industry practices. Not only does PSERC help students become technically prepared for their next job, it also assures that they will be knowledgeable about the challenges and trends transforming the industry. PSERC also facilitates efficient employment searches through industry-student interactions at industry meetings, student involvement in PSERC projects, web site postings, and email announcements. Available student resumes and profiles for PSERC members can be found in the web site folder Student Profiles and Resumes (log-in required for viewing).

PSERC’s education program also includes professional development. Through short courses, monthly Internet seminars, and on-site seminars, PSERC meets continuing education needs of engineers from our industrial partners. The PSERC website has tutorials, analysis tools and recorded seminars along with papers, reports and presentations by its researchers.
Quote:
What are job interests of our undergraduate and graduate students? We asked them.
• Power system analysis
• Ancillary services, available transfer capability, congestion management, control systems
• Distribution systems, microgrids, substations, transformers, underground cables, sensors, automation
• Communications technologies, fiber opticsGeneration, distributed generation, renewables, custom power
• Computational techniques, simulation, software agents
• Graphics and visualization
• Intelligent systems, artificial intelligence, genetic algorithms
• Dynamics, stability, EMTP applications and modeling, security assessment, voltage collapse, state estimationEconomics and finance, markets and market design, deregulation, bidding, options, load forecasting, pricing, risk assessment and management
• Electric machinery, motors
• Operations, planning, maintenance strategies, energy management
• Power electronics, digital signal processing, robotics
• Power quality, reliability, voltage quality
• Protection systems, relay coordination, fault analysisTransmission, high voltage engineering


Research Program

Industry restructuring and technology change is creating new challenges for the operations, security and reliability of the power system, for the physical and institutional structures, and for delivery of economical and environmentally acceptable electricity services. PSERC's research focus is on helping the next generation electric power system evolve into a competitive, high-performance component of the nation's infrastructure. Its research program is divided into three research stems.

Markets Research Stem

The electric power industry is in transition toward a market-oriented structure with decentralized decision-making by a wide-ranging group of market participants. The research under this stem emphasizes the design and analysis of market mechanisms, computational tools and institutions that facilitate efficient coordination, investment and operations while recognizing the economic and technical characteristics of power systems. Markets research examines market design, verification and validation within the context of electricity market restructuring. Representative research topics are active load participation, auction policies and strategies, market mechanisms, restructured market assessment and transmission asset valuation. Markets research includes experimental methods to test and verify the performance of alternative market designs. PowerWeb is an Internet-based simulation developed for experiments and education on power markets.

Transmission and Distribution Technologies Research Stem

The transmission and distribution technologies research stem addresses issues related to moving electrical energy efficiently, safely, securely and reliably. This stem is divided into areas associated with higher voltage levels (transmission systems) and lower voltage levels (distribution systems). Improvements in this infrastructure could be achieved through innovations in software, hardware, materials, sensors, communications and operating strategies. Therefore, a central goal of this research stem is the improvement of transmission and distribution systems through the application of technological advances. Representative research topics are automation, intelligent devices and control concepts, management of an aging infrastructure, protection systems, stability and dynamic limits, substation data integration and functionality, and state

Systems Research

Restructuring is leading to large and complex operational entities (such as Independent System Operators or Regional Transmission Organizations) while small-scale, dispersed generation technologies are increasing their penetration in power systems. The challenge is to develop new operations frameworks and approaches that will effectively cope with the growing complexity of a restructured industry. Systems research seeks ways to increase use, efficiency and reliability of increasingly complex and dynamic power systems. Representative research topics are cascading events, complex systems, computational methods for large systems, control schemes, distribution system reliability, risk assessment, security assessment, transfer limits and visualization.


Universities

The Director of PSERC is Vijay Vittal who is at Arizona State University. The Director is responsible for overseeing all affairs of PSERC. The Executive Director, Dennis Ray, assists the Director in industry relations and Center management. The Site Directors are PSERC’s local campus representatives and liaison to the university faculty, staff and administration. The Director and Site Directors comprise PSERC’s Executive Committee.
PSERC’s collaborating universities provide the leadership and technical capability necessary to address the challenges facing the new electric power industry. The needed multidisciplinary expertise is not found at any one university. Information about our researchers can be found by clicking on Researcher Profiles and Interests(http://www.pserc.wisc.edu/ecow/get/gener...0118.pdf). Contact information for our university researchers can be found by clicking on Members(http://www.pserc.org/industrial_members.htm) and browsing to the

University Members list

Collaborating Universities and Site Directors
Arizona State (Jerry Heydt
Berkeley (Shmuel Oren)
Carnegie Mellon (Marija Ilic)
Colorado School of Mines (P.K. Sen)
Cornell (Tim Mount)
Georgia Tech (A.P. Sakis Meliopoulos)
Howard University (James Momoh)
Illinois (Peter Sauer)
Iowa State (Jim McCalley)
Texas A&M (Mladen Kezunovic)
Washington State (Anjan Bose)
Wisconsin (Christopher DeMarco)
Wichita State University (Ward Jewell)

Facilitator

The PSERC Facilitator is Frank Wayno, Cornell University. Prof. Wayno assists the Director by facilitating communication among industry members and PSERC researchers.

Adjunct Research Professors

Adjunct Research Professors are researchers with unique professional skills at a non-PSERC university who are working in collaboration to advance the mission of PSERC. PSERC’s Adjunct Research Professors are (1) Ali Abur, Chair, Department of Electrical Engineering, Northeastern University; (2) Judith Cardell, Department of Computer Science, Smith College, and (3) Ross Baldick, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas at Austin.

Universities in Detail


1) University of Texas at Austin

Energy Systems covers traditional power systems, electronics, and machines as well as renewable power generation, transmission, and distribution technologies. Austin is one of the greenest cities in America and UT researchers are a big reason for that. They frequently partner with utilities and private companies in joint ventures. Current projects include synchrophasors, microgrids, self-healing systems, wind power integration, and alternatives to batteries.

Professors


1) William Grady
2) Ross Baldwick
3) David Brown
4) Mircea Driga
5) Alexis Kwasinski
6) Edward Powers
7) Surya Santoso

Laboratories

1) Laboratory for Advanced Studies in Electric Power & Integration of Renewable Energy Sources( L-ASPIRES)

L-Aspires is headed by Dr Surya Santoso. Prof. Santoso research interests broadly spans electric power systems quality, and wind power integration and interconnections.

RESEARCH THRUSTS AT L-ASPIRES

Electric Power Systems Quality:

1. Time-domain modeling and simulation of power systems electromagnetic transient phenomena.

2. Intelligent systems for power quality assessment and diagnostics.

3. Power quality analysis and solutions: voltage sags, transients and harmonics.

4. Electric Power Quality Education: learning materials, problem sets, and PSCAD/EMTDC simulation models.

Wind Power Integration and Interconnections:

1. Modeling and simulation of wind turbines and wind power plants for load flow, dynamic stability, and electromagnetic transient studies.

2. Capacity value and wind power firming.

3. Wind power education: learning materials, laboratory experiments, and PSCAD/EMTDC simulation models.

Current Research Projects:

1. Intelligent systems for detecting and root-cause analysis of harmonic resonance: B. Krishnan, Prof. Santoso.

2. Power quality impact analysis of electric ship power systems: S. Kulkarni, Prof. Santoso.

3. Learning materials for an upper-level undergraduate/first-year graduate course on electric power quality: Prof. Santoso.

4. Synchronized voltage phase angle measurement and analysis: S. Kulkarni, Prof. Santoso, Prof. Grady.

5. Valuing capacity contribution of wind power plants: C. D'Annunzio, Pro. Santoso.

6. Increasing dynamic system stability of wind power systems with energy storage systems: H. T Le, Prof. Santoso

7. Time-domain modeling and simulation of wind turbine and wind power plant models: M. Singh, K. Faria, D. Burnham, Prof. Santoso.

8. Instrumentation and laboratory models of a doubly-fed induction generator: J. Campbell, Prof. Santoso.

9. Intermittency and variability analysis of wind power: P. Doody, Prof. Santoso.


2)Centre for Electromechanics

ONGOING RESEARCH AT CEM

1. Vehicle Program
2. Materials Program
3. Electric Ship
4. Research in Oil and Gas
5. Railgun Pulsed Power Program


2)University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

The area includes six full-time faculty, forty-six graduate research assistants, visiting scholars throughout the year, and a post-doc—all have substantial interaction with other groups.

Specific areas of interest include

* Dynamics and Stability of Power Systems
* Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
* Electrical Machines and Drive Systems
* Energy/Power System Economics
* Operation and Control of Power Systems
* Power Electronics
* Power System Computational Techniques

Power and Energy Systems research focuses on systems and devices for the conversion, delivery, and use of energy in electrical form.
Faculty
1) Patrick Lyle Chapman
2) Alejandro Dominguez-Garcia
3) George Gross
4) Philip T. Krein
5) Richard I. Masel
6) Sean P Meyn
7) Thomas J. Overbye
8) Peter W. Sauer

Research Centres
1) GRAINGER Center for Electric Machinery and Electromechanics

Research Area
1. Motor Design, Operation, and Control
2. Automative and Advanced Applications
3. MEMS and Microelectronics for Motor and Energy Applications
4. Advanced Research Projects

2) PSERC


3) University of Wisconsin-Madison

Power Engineering

a) Machines
Current electric machines research is centered about exploiting the potential of new materials and the optimal utilization of the control capability of modern power electronic converters and real time digital controllers. An area of rapid growth is power electronic driven, high performance electromechanical actuators to replace hydraulic systems in a wide array of aerospace, automotive and other applications.
Faculty
1. Thomas M Jahns
2. Thomas A. Lipo
3. Robert D. Lorenz

b) Power Electronics
Power electronics is concerned with the control and conversion of electric power for applications ranging from electric vehicle propulsion systems to fuel cell power converters. Research is being pursued to develop the next generation of Integrated Power Electronics Modules (IPEMs) that will achieve major improvements in performance, cost, and reliability.
Faculty
1. Thomas M Jahns
2. Thomas A Lipo
3. Robert D Lorenz
4. Giri Venkataramanan
5. Robert H. Lasseter

c) Power Systems
Power systems research focuses on issues arising from the large-scale generation, transmission and distribution of electric energy. Newer technologies, such as high current power electronic components, and distributed generation, along with real time electricity pricing and related market activities, are changing the nature of power systems.

Faculty
1. Giri Venkataramanan
2. Christopher L. DeMarco
3. Ian Dobson
4. Ian A. Hiskens
5. Bernard Lesieutre

Other Relevant links
1) Wisconsin Electric Machines and Power Electronics Consortium
2) Wisconsin Power Electronics Research Center

Courses Offered at Wisconsin Electric Machines and Power Electronics Consortium

4) University of Washington at Seattle

Advanced Energy Systems and Technologies

Professors
1. Rich Christie
2. Mohamed El-Sharkawi
3. Alexander Mamishev
4. Mark Damborg

Research Labs

1. Advanced Power Technologies (APT) Center
2. Computational Intelligence Laboratory (CIA Lab)
3. Electric Energy Research Laboratory
4. Power Electronics Laboratory
5. Sensors, Energy, and Automation Laboratory (SEAL Lab)
6. Wind Integration Research Lab (WIRL)

5) North Carolina State University

The Power Electronics and Power Systems area at NCSU conducts research in the fields of electrical power systems, power electronics systems, power management microsystems and power semiconductor devices.

Faculty

1. Dr. Jayant Baliga
2. Dr. Mesut E Baran
3. Dr. Subhashish Bhattacharya
4. Dr. Mo-Yuen Chow
5. Dr. John J Grainger
6. Dr. Alex Q. Huang
7. Dr. Srdjan Lukic

Research Areas

1. Electric Vehicle Systems
2. Power Electronics
3. Power Management ICs
4. Power Semiconductor Devices
5. Power Systems

Research Laboratories

1. Semi Conductor Power Electronics Center
2. Advanced Transportation Energy Center
3. The Future Renewable Electric Energy Delivery and Management Systems Center(FREEDM)
4. Advanced Diagnosis, Automation, and Control (ADAC) Laboratory

6. Virginia State University and Polytechnic Institute (V-Tech)

http://www.ece.vt.edu/power/

Faculty Members

1) Robert P. Broadwater
2) Virgilio Centeno
3) Jaime De La Ree
4) Yilu Liu
5) Lamine Mili

6) Saifur Rahman
7) Kwa-Sur Tam
8) James S. Thorp

Laboratories


Center for Power Electronics Systems

Research

Application Areas
1) Point-of-Load Conversion
2) Power Management for Computers, Telecommunications & Others
3) Renewable Energy Systems
4) Vehicular Power Converter Systems

Technology Areas
1) EMI and Power Quality
2) High Density Integration
3) Modeling and Control
4) Power Conversion Topologies and Architectures
5) Power Electronics Components

7. Iowa State University

Faculty
1) Ajjarapu, Venkataramana
2) Aliprantis, Dionysios
3) Chaudhary, Sumit
4) McCalley, James D

Research Laboratories

1) Electric Power Research Center
2) Power Systems Engineering Research Center (PSERC)
3) Rockwell Automation/Allen Bradley Power Electronics and Drive Systems Lab

Research Areas

1) Online voltage stability monitoring
2) Advanced computation techniques for voltage stability
3) Remote control of power labs
4) Self-healing networks
5) Adaptive protection
6) Multiagent systems
7) Market dynamics
8) Integrated energy systems

8) Arizona State University

Faculty Members

1) Raja Ayyanar
2) Richard G. Farmer
3) Ravi Gorur
4) Gerald T. Heydt

5) Keith Holbert
6) George G. Karady
7) Daniel Tylavsky
8) Vijay Vittal

Research

1) Power Electronics
2) High Voltage Engineering and Dielectric Studies
3) Power Systems Analysis and Computation
4) Power Generation
5) Electric Power Quality
6) Innovative Applications
7) Renewable Resources

Research labs

1) Future Renewable Electric Energy Distribution Management (FREEDM) center
2) PSERC

9) Ohio State University

Faculty Members

1) Longya Xu
2) Donald Kasten
3) Ali Keyhani
4) Stephen Sebo
5) Jin Wang

Research Laboratories

1) Mechatronic - Green Energy Systems Laboratory

2) High Voltage Labortory

10) Georgia Institute of technology

Faculty Members

1) Miroslav M Begovic
2) Deepakraj M Divan
3) Carlos S (Santiago) Grijalva
4) Thomas G Habetler
5) Ronald Gordon Harley
6) A P Meliopoulos
7) Gabriel A Rincon-Mora
8) Ajeet Rohatgi

Research

1) Power System Monitoring, Analysis Protection, Operation and Control
2) Distributed Generation
3) Power System Simulation and Visualization
4) High Voltage Engineering and Power System Components
5) Electric Machine Control, Condition and Monitoring and Protection
6) Power Electronics

Labs

1) University Center of Excellence for Photovoltaics
2) National Electric Energy Testing Research and Applications Center (NEETRAC)

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(This post was last modified: 09-30-2010 10:28 PM by NickRobheart.)
09-30-2010 10:20 PM
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theou huios Away
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RE: The Mega Power Systems Thread [lost]
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Good work

Ask mod of this forum to lock this and make it a sticky in Academia and also in Uni specific threads

Back \m/
09-30-2010 10:30 PM
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NickRobheart Offline
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RE: The Mega Power Systems Thread [lost]
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Yes Sid,
All I wanted is to let Pop make few comments on it if necessary and then I may ask for a sticky.

Im Nick & Im Alcoholic

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09-30-2010 10:33 PM
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